On Shaky Ground

20 years after Hong Kong’s handover to China, a new generation of artists dive into the city-state’s unknown futures and landscapes of possibility

Situated between Macau, Taiwan and mainland China, it seems near impossible for Hong Kong and its people to defy a share in an inherent Chinese identity. And yet that’s the desire of a whole new generation of Hongkongers, with a Hong Kong University survey in June finding that a mere 3.1% of those aged between 18 and 29 identify as ‘Chinese’. The atmosphere is increasingly fraught: 1 July 2017 marked the 20th anniversary of the transfer of Hong Kong’s sovereignty from the United Kingdom to China, an occasion which saw Xi Jinping’s first obligatory visit to the city-state as president, framed by clashes between pro-democracy activists and pro-Beijing demonstrators.

Tang Kwok Hin, Lying in Gardens, 2016, two-channel video and colour prints, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Tang Kwok Hin, Lying in Gardens, 2016, two-channel video and colour prints, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Tang Kwok Hin, Lying in Gardens, 2016, two-channel video and colour prints, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

‘From Ocean to Horizon’, a group exhibition of Hong Kong artists at Manchester’s Centre for Chinese Contemporary Art (CFCCA), offers an interlude from the heavy online mediatization of the handover anniversary, and in turn, reinforces the complex socio-political contradictions of the era. This intimate show builds on the gallery’s 2007 group exhibition ‘The Pivotal Decade – Hong Kong Art 1997-2007’, by tuning into the next ten years and a new generation of artists through their personal reflections on the pre-and post-handover era.

Asked to respond to the notion of a fluid, imaginary and liminal intersection of sea and sky, these artists have created new works which imply Hong Kong as a kind of ‘non-space’: a set of in-between lands, experienced through multiple states of being. The exhibition’s symbolism is inextricable from Hong Kong’s own narrative arc: as you approach the gallery floor, a cacophony of indecipherable sounds rises, presenting themselves knowingly as if on the streets of the city itself. 

Ko Sin Tung, Redundant waves, 2017, HD single-channel colour video with stereo sound, acrylic on archival inkjet prints, trench covers, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Ko Sin Tung, Redundant waves, 2017, HD single-channel colour video with stereo sound, acrylic on archival inkjet prints, trench covers, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Ko Sin Tung, Redundant waves, 2017, HD single-channel colour video with stereo sound, acrylic on archival inkjet prints, trench covers, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

There seems to be an expectation that we disregard Hong Kong’s politicking on first encountering Ko Sin Tung’s porch-like Redundant Waves (2017). Part installation, film and painting, she uses a common, cheap, blue-and-white plastic canvas as the central focus for the video piece (visually akin to the found fabric aesthetics embedded in the on-going ‘Red White Blue’ series by Hong Kong artist anothermountainman). Accompanied by a soundtrack of the material as it catches in the wind over ocean waves, it can only be viewed by walking across a series of bright yellow trench-cover safety boards, which line the back wall of the space – identified as a quiet nod to the symbolic colour of the 2014 pro-democracy ‘Umbrella’ protests. Presumably a reference to the artificial islands created by landfill in the region, the use of found sound and objects in Redundant Waves creates a lo-fi abstraction of everyday materials and building sites, commenting on Hong Kong’s still frenetic rate of construction, home to the most expensive housing market in the world.

Trevor Yeung, Spirit Level, 2017, fish tank, stand, filter, water, lamp, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Trevor Yeung, Spirit Level, 2017, fish tank, stand, filter, water, lamp, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Trevor Yeung, Spirit Level, 2017, fish tank, stand, filter, water, lamp, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

This simplicity continues in Spirit Level (2017) by Trevor Yeung: two fish tanks, full of water yet devoid of aqua-life, are presented on a three-tiered stand – a clinical statement on the illusionary nature of Hong Kong’s solid ground. Literally transparent, yet figuratively opaque, Spirit Level makes claim to the difficulty in understanding this complex landscape’s identity and its future. Time to look through the clear waters to an ad break by Sarah Lai.

Sarah Lai, Let the night breeze send away yesterday's dreams, 2017, HD video, audio and digital print, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Sarah Lai, Let the night breeze send away yesterday's dreams, 2017, HD video, audio and digital print, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Sarah Lai, Let the night breeze send away yesterday's dreams, 2017, HD video, audio and digital print, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

In Let the night breeze send away yesterday's dreams (2017), Lai appropriates moving images of actresses (of Asian descent) stroking and flicking their shiny dark hair at the camera. The alluringly crude female representation is played (and overplayed) on loop with a penetrating narrative-laced Cantopop soundtrack. Drawn in, you watch, and watch again the softness of the hair play out on screen, then realizing your fingers are running through your own hair. In thrall to the power of advertising, Let the night breeze send away yesterday’s dreams creates another sound layer within the conflicting narratives of ‘From Ocean to Horizon’, foregrounding the distinctly heteronormative and gender-biased advertising industry in Hong Kong, and more broadly across Asia.

Ocean Leung, Star Star Fire Fire, 2017, knives, baseball bats, 2-channel videos with TVs mounted on plywood with g-clamps, latex paint, polyethylene membrane, table from conference room, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Ocean Leung, Star Star Fire Fire, 2017, knives, baseball bats, 2-channel videos with TVs mounted on plywood with g-clamps, latex paint, polyethylene membrane, table from conference room, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Ocean Leung, Star Star Fire Fire, 2017, knives, baseball bats, 2-channel videos with TVs mounted on plywood with g-clamps, latex paint, polyethylene membrane, table from conference room, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Ocean Leung presents Star Star Fire Fire (2017): hybrid sculptures and introspective videos, including documentary performance, that comment on the misuse of objects as weapons, and the interplay between their harmless and violent states. A bladeless double-meat-cleaver and double-handled baseball bat are positioned awkwardly on an office table, in part falsely bloodied with red paint. Alongside, two videos displayed on tablets unfold silently: at one point, the artist stands in a lake, taunting viewers with a Molotov cocktail held above the water, only for it to be released and immediately extinguish. No consuming flames, no explosive aftermath, just a cocky fetishization of violence that offers a sharp counterpoint to the endless commentary surrounding the ‘civility’ of Hong Kong’s protest movements.

Au Hoi Lam, Unutterable Antecedents, Consequences and Coincidences, 2017, pencil, colour pencil and acrylic on canvas, oil-based ink on lined paper with the Coat of Arms of British Hong Kong, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Bros

Au Hoi Lam, Unutterable Antecedents, Consequences and Coincidences, 2017, pencil, colour pencil and acrylic on canvas, oil-based ink on lined paper with the Coat of Arms of British Hong Kong, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Au Hoi Lam, Unutterable Antecedents, Consequences and Coincidences, 2017, pencil, colour pencil and acrylic on canvas, oil-based ink on lined paper with the Coat of Arms of British Hong Kong, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Softer reflections on the legacy of handover run through Au Hoi Lam’s sequence of small-scale paintings in Unutterable Antecedents, Consequences and Coincidences (2017). Each functions as a page from a diary: fragments of her memories from 1997 when the artist was at college. Scratched into the surface of the works, in graffiti-esque handwriting, are statements in both English and Cantonese Chinese characters, including ‘Daddy where are you now’, ‘She can’t remember’, ‘fleeing’, ‘20’ and ‘She knows’. The series of inscriptions encompasses a feeling of loss and fear, yet conversely a subconscious intuition of what is to come. Au Hoi Lam’s rendering of politics as a visual language sets up a conversation between the idealism and ambiguity of the other works through the space.

Tang Kwok Hin, Lying in Gardens, 2016, two-channel video and colour prints, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Tang Kwok Hin, Lying in Gardens, 2016, two-channel video and colour prints, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Tang Kwok Hin, Lying in Gardens, 2016, two-channel video and colour prints, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

The dual visuals presented in Tang Kwok Hin’s photography and film installation Lying in Gardens (2016) examine the demarcations of public space in Hong Kong; borders and boundaries of containment are used by the artist to create a visionary and layered landscape. His identity card sits housed in the corner of a large vitrine on the gallery floor, alluding to a specific Chinese identity, set alongside a series of photographs, which categorize Hong Kong through abstract and, in part, unidentifiable images.

Intentional or accidental, the clashing audio loops across the gallery space create a heightened sensory state. An air of distraction hangs over the artworks’ engagement with the narratives and hyper-sensitivities of Chinese identity. As 2047 draws closer, when the ‘one country, two systems’ deal between Hong Kong and China expires, ‘From Ocean to Horizon’ attempts to construct an anti- or apolitical state of being, as a cipher for an unknown future. This uncertainty is tempered by the artists’ reflections on their own experiences, inviting a search for new individual and collective identities.

Main image: Ko Sin Tung, Redundant waves, 2017, HD single-channel colour video, acrylic on archival inkjet prints, trench covers, installation view. Courtesy: CFCCA, Manchester; Photograph: Constantin Brosteanu

Rachel Marsden is a lecturer, curator and critic based in Melbourne, Australia.

Most Read

The punk artists’s invasion of the pitch during the Croatia vs. France match reminded us what Russia’s new ‘normality’...
In further news: Brexit voters avoid arts; New York libraries’s culture pass unlocks museums; Grayson Perry-backed...
If artificial intelligence were ever to achieve sentience, could it feasibly produce art? (And would it be good?)
The punk activist-artists have been charged with disruption after they charged the field during the France vs Croatia...
27 educators are taking the London gallery to an employment tribunal, demanding that they be recognized as employees
In further news: Glasgow School of Art to be rebuilt; Philadelphia Museum of Art gets a Frank Gehry-designed restaurant
Highlights from Condo New York 2018 and Commonwealth and Council at 47 Canal: the summer shows to see
Knussen’s music laid out each component as ‘precarious, vulnerable, exposed’ – and his conducting similarly worked from...
Nods to the game in World Cup celebrations show how dance has gone viral – but unwittingly instrumentalized for...
‘You can’t reason with him but you can ridicule him’ – lightweight as it is, Trump Baby is a win for art as a...
Anderson and partner Juman Malouf are sorting through the treasures of the celebrated Kunsthistorisches Museum for...
From Capote to Basquiat, the pop artist’s glittering ‘visual diary’ of the last years of his life is seen for the first...
‘When I opened Monika Sprüth Galerie, only very few German gallerists represented women artists’
Can a ragtag cluster of artists, curators and critics really push back against our ‘bare’ art world?
In further news: German government buys Giambologna at the eleventh hour; LACMA’s new expansion delayed
Gucci and Frieze present film number two in the Second Summer of Love series, focusing on the history of acid house
Judges described the gallery’s GBP£20 million redevelopment by Jamie Fobert Architects as ‘deeply intelligent’ and a ‘...
Is the lack of social mobility in the arts due to a self-congratulatory conviction that the sector represents the...
The controversial intellectual suggests art would be better done at home – she should be careful what she wishes for
Previously unheard music on Both Directions At Once includes blues as imposing as the saxophonist would ever record
In further news: Macron reconsiders artist residencies; British Council accused of censorship; V&A to host largest...
In our devotion to computation and its predictive capabilities are we rushing blindly towards our own demise?
Arts subjects are increasingly marginalized in the UK curriculum – but the controversial intellectual suggests art is...
An exhibition of performances at Foksal Gallery Foundation, Warsaw, unfolds the rituals of sexual encounters
An art historian explains what the Carters’s takeover of the Paris museum says about art, race and power
Artist Andrea Fraser’s 2016 in Museums, Money and Politics lifts the lid on US museum board members and...
The Ruhrtriennale arts festival disinvited the Scottish hip-hop trio for their pro-Palestinian politics, then u-turned
The Baltimore’s director on why correcting the art historical canon is not only right but urgent for museums to remain...
Serpentine swimmers complain about Christo’s floating pyramid; and Hermitage’s psychic cat is a World Cup oracle: the...
The largest mural in Europe by the artist has been hidden for 30 years in an old storage depot – until now
Alumni Martin Boyce, Karla Black, Duncan Campbell and Ciara Phillips on the past and future of Charles Rennie...
In further news: po-mo architecture in the UK gets heritage status; Kassel to buy Olu Oguibe’s monument to refugees
The frieze columnist's first novel is an homage to, and embodiment of, the late, great Kathy Acker
60 years after the celebrated Brutalist architect fell foul of local authorities, a Berlin Unité d’Habitation apartment...
The British artist and Turner Prize winner is taking on the gun advocacy group at a time of renewed debate around arms...
The central thrust of the exhibition positions Sicily as the fulcrum of geopolitical conflicts over migration, trade,...
The Carters’s museum takeover powers through art history’s greatest hits – with a serious message about how the canon...
The 20-metre-high Mastaba finally realizes the artist and his late wife Jeanne-Claude’s design
‘What is being exhibited at Manifesta, above all, is Palermo itself’
With the 12th edition of the itinerant European biennial opening in Palermo, what do local artists, curators and...
In the age of Brexit, why Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn’s pledge to return the ‘stolen’ Parthenon marbles has never been...
The curators seem set to ask, ‘how civilized is the world’s current state of affairs?’
US true crime series Unsolved takes two formative pop cultural events to explore their concealed human stories and...

On View

Latest Magazines

frieze magazine

April 2018

frieze magazine

May 2018

frieze magazine

June - August 2018