Portfolio: Benjamin Senior

The British artist presents a selection of important images, from a Moebius comic to a Stanley Spencer mural

moebius_page_taken_from_a_notebook_1999_indian_ink_and_pencil_on_paper_22_x_15_cm._courtesy_collection_of_fondation_cartier_pour_lart_contemporain_paris_acq._1999_c_moebius_productions

Moebius, page taken from a notebook, 1999, Indian ink and pencil on paper, 22 x 15 cm. Courtesy: collection of Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain, Paris (acq. 1999) © Moebius Productions

Moebius, page taken from a notebook, 1999, Indian ink and pencil on paper, 22 x 15 cm. Courtesy: collection of Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain, Paris (acq. 1999) © Moebius Productions

Moebius, 1999

I found my way into art through drawing – which I’ve done obsessively since I was three years old – and before I took up painting I thought I would go down the route of illustration and comics.

My father-in-law had a great collection of limited edition Moebius publications that I would pore over when I visited my wife’s family in York. He is at his best when he creates these mesmerising, immersive sci-fi visions. Even now, I think of painting and drawing as world-building.

gertrude_hermes_fathomless_sounding_1932_wood_engraving_38_x_27_cm._courtesy_the_arts_council_collection_c_the_gertrude_hermes_estate

Gertrude Hermes, Fathomless Sounding, 1932, wood engraving, 38 x 27 cm). Courtesy: the Arts Council Collection © The Gertrude Hermes Estate

Gertrude Hermes, Fathomless Sounding, 1932, wood engraving, 38 x 27 cm). Courtesy: the Arts Council Collection © The Gertrude Hermes Estate

Gertrude Hermes, Fathomless Sounding, 1932

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Attracted to near-obsolete techniques, I once took Sarah van Niekerk’s residential course in wood engraving at West Dean College. The course was immersive, and it introduced me to the work of a group of English wood engravers: Gertrude Hermes, Blair Hughes-Stanton and Lettice Sandford. Their connection with craft distanced from Modernism, and perhaps it was this that allowed them to develop such an idiosyncratic and playful visual language that’s both parochial and witchcrafty. The challenge of rendering in relief printmaking leads to complex transitions from light to dark: black line and white line; positive spaces and negative. It’s more serendipitous than you would expect, and Gertrude Hermes rolls with the inner logic of wood engraving to create elaborate abstract spaces.  

carl_dreyer_vampyr_1932_film_still

Carl Dreyer, Vampyr, 1932, film still

Carl Dreyer, Vampyr, 1932, film still

Carl Dreyer, Vampyr, 1932

The eeriness of this movie comes from its otherworldly light, and it was never clear to me whether the action took place in the day or the night. The scenes are light-drenched nocturnes – shadows dance and move by themselves – and it got me interested in the role of light in my own paintings. Later, I found a Paul Nash painting called Nocturnal Landscape (1938-46) that seemed lit by a citrus light, casting cobalt blue shadows. I’ve used a similar coloured light several times since.

andrea_mantegna_the_triumphs_of_caesar_trumpeters_and_standard-bearer_c.1484-92_tempera_on_canvas_2.7_x_2.8_m

Andrea Mantegna, The Triumphs of Caesar: Trumpeters and Standard-Bearer, c.1484-92, tempera on canvas, 2.7 x 2.8 m

Andrea Mantegna, The Triumphs of Caesar: Trumpeters and Standard-Bearer, c.1484-92, tempera on canvas, 2.7 x 2.8 m

Andrea Mantegna, The Triumphs of Caesar: Trumpeters and StandardBearer, 1484-92

As an undergraduate student my tutor told me that I, more than anyone else in the world, needed to see Mantegna’s 'Triumphs of Caesar' (1484-92) at Hampton Court Palace on the outskirts of London.

I’ve made several trips to see this work over the years. They’re incredible abstract paintings – spears and trumpets structure the whole scene while red cascading banners bring painterly expressiveness, crisply rendered in tempera to appear like gestural strokes that have been frozen solid. I’ve recently taken an interest in his ‘worm’s-eye view’ perspective, in which the figures walk along the bottom edge of the picture: it gives the painting a particular kind of edge-awareness.

andre_derain_the_surprise_oil_on_canvas_3.1_x_1.4_m

Andre Derain, The Surprise, oil on canvas,  3.1 x 1.4 m

Andre Derain, The Surprise, oil on canvas,  3.1 x 1.4 m. Public access

Andre Derain, The Surprise, 1938

In 2008, as a first year student at London’s Royal College of Art, copies of the painting magazine Turps Banana were passed around between the students. An essay by Merlin James opened up André Derain’s later work for me and set me on a path I would continue to follow to the present day.

After his involvement with Fauvism and Cubism, Derain set about recovering traditional figural art piece by piece. I think figurative painters today have to recover the figure: after the journey painting has made, you have to figure out a way back into it.

stanley_spencer_the_resurrection_of_the_soldiers_1923-32_sandham_memorial_chapel_hampshire._courtesy_c_national_trust_imagesa_c_cooper

Stanley Spencer, ​The Resurrection of the Soldiers, 1923-32, Sandham Memorial Chapel, Hampshire. Courtesy: © National Trust Images/A C Cooper

Stanley Spencer, ​The Resurrection of the Soldiers, 1923-32, Sandham Memorial Chapel, Hampshire. Courtesy: © National Trust Images/A C Cooper

Stanley Spencer, Sandham Memorial Chapel, 1923-32

Sometimes I find Spencer’s work hard to look at, as he never subtracts, he only adds. However, there are only a few artists who can match his ability to make magic out of everyday things.

In 2010, as I was preparing for my final degree show, I visited his murals at the Sandham Memorial chapel in Burghclere, Hampshire. They are paintings of camaraderie and community, yet the characters are alienated, reluctant to touch, interacting instead through the objects they carry. In Spencer’s paintings, these objects have more visual weight than the people themselves. Unfolded maps, piles of toast, brass buckets, wooden crosses: they are strong geometric forms that set the rhythm of the painting. 

jean_helion_luxembourg_allegory_1965_acrylic_on_canvas_45_x_77_in._courtesy_the_family_of_jean_helion_and_the_taubman_museum_of_art_roadnoke_c_2013_jeff_hofmann

Jean Hélion, Luxembourg Allegory, 1965, acrylic on canvas, 45 x 77 in. Courtesy: the family of Jean Hélion and the Taubman Museum of Art, Roadnoke © 2013 Jeff Hofmann

Jean Hélion, Luxembourg Allegory, 1965, acrylic on canvas, 45 x 77 in. Courtesy: the family of Jean Hélion and the Taubman Museum of Art, Roadnoke © 2013 Jeff Hofmann

Jean Hélion, Luxembourg Allegory, 1965

For me, the heroes of Modernism haven’t ever been the canonical artists whose work led to abstraction, but rather the idiosyncratic lineage of neoclassical and tradition-aware painters such as Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Derain and Jean Hélion. Hélion’s representations are un-straightforward. Drawing can be a frank response to natural effects, or a sign that can be moulded, or a hieroglyph. With Helion, you can sense that he drifts between these things as he tries to draw out the inner symbol of objects.

Benjamin Senior (b.1982 Southampton, UK) lives and works in London, UK. His recent exhibitions include solo shows at Monica de Cardenas, Milan, Italy (2015), BolteLang, Zurich, Switzerland (2015), Grey Noise, Dubai, UAE (2015), and Studio Voltaire, London (2013). This year, he will be the subject of solo exhibitions at Bruce Haines Mayfair, London, and James Fuentes, New York.

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